A front page story in today’s New York Times doesn’t seem to add up – until you figure out that the missing statistic in the story is the fact that there are about 80 million children in the U.S.
Stephanie Saul’s story says
Hundreds of thousands of children are taking medication to treat Type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and acid reflux – all problems linked to obesity that were practically unheard-of in children two decades ago.
But a chart accompanying the story shows children taking Medco prescriptions for diabetes at a rate of 1.2 per 1000. The chart says the database has 600,000 children in it.
Do the math: If there are 1.2 kids on meds for every 1,000 kids, then in a database of 600,000 there are only 720 kids on meds. Right?
If you do the same math for the rest of the chart, you come up with 12,840 kids on fat pills in total. That’s a long way from “hundreds of thousands.”
The story goes on to say that the Times also used data from Express Scripts that was presented at the American Public Health Association last November. After a search, that study seems to be the one cited here (scroll down) and here and here and here.
(Even if it’s not the same study, it’s a good proxy because it covers kids on diabetes meds over the same time period.)
That study presents similar math: It has 4,333,344 kids in its database. It then says that the prevalence of kids on diabetes meds is just over 2 per 1000 in 2005 for type 1 diabetes, and 0.6 per thousand for type 2.
The back of the envelope says: (2 x 4,333) + (.6 x 4,333) = 11,265.
Again, a long way from “hundreds of thousands.”
So where does this story get its beef? The story mentions in passing that its numbers come from “extrapolating.” As we saw recently with the ludicrous JAMA “women and Viagra” study, extrapolating has its problems. But the answer is that it is only when you take these per-thousand rates and multiply them across the roughly 80 million kids in America, that you start to get hundreds of thousands, and then only in two categories: blood pressure and heartburn (665,600 and 944,000, respectively).
It would have been nice if the 80 million number was in the story, because the piece makes no sense unless you know this already.